Washington (November 2, 2017) – Senator Edward J. Markey (D-MA) joined Senators John McCain (R-AZ), Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Ben Cardin (D-MD), Ranking Member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Dick Durbin (D-IL), the Democratic Whip, and Marco Rubio (R-FL) and Todd Young (R-IN), members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, in introducing legislation that would impose targeted sanctions and travel restrictions on senior Burmese military officials responsible for the atrocities and systematic human rights abuses against the Rohingya people in Burma.
The legislation would prohibit certain military cooperation with the Burmese military until the Departments of State and Defense can certify that officials have halted the violence. The bill would also support economic and security sector reform, and encourage Burma’s successful transition of power to a civilian government.
"Many of the Rohingya refugees who arrived in Bangladesh report that Tatmadaw soldiers entered their villages, and killed civilians, raped women and girls, and then burned down the entire village," said Senator Markey. "International medical teams treating the Rohingya in these camps report that some people bear gunshot wounds consistent with being shot from behind, and some women and girls have injuries consistent with sexual assault. Burma’s Commander-in-Chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing and Burma’s military soldiers must be held responsible for these systematic “clearance operations.”
“The systematic human rights abuses being committed against the Rohingya people in Burma demand a strong response from the United States and the international community,” said Senator McCain. “More than 600,000 Rohingya have been forced to flee their homes, hundreds of villages have been burned, and scores of civilians have been killed in a campaign of violence that the United Nations has called a ‘textbook example of ethnic cleansing.’ Our legislation would hold accountable the senior military officials responsible for the slaughter and displacement of innocent men, women and children in Burma, and make clear that the United States will not stand for these atrocities.”
“‘Never Again’ is happening again in Burma, where the military are committing ethnic cleansing and perpetrating atrocities against the Rohingya minority,” said Senator Cardin. “This full-blown humanitarian crisis is happening under the watch of the international community, and this bill will allow Congress to strengthen the President’s hand by making it clear to Burmese officials that there will be consequences for their crimes against humanity.”
“The systematic campaign of violence and discrimination against the Rohingya is a horrifying humanitarian crisis,” said Senator Durbin. “As a result of the latest military crackdown against this religious minority, countless Rohingya have been attacked, with reports of mass killing, rape, and the burning of entire villages. More than 600,000 have fled in desperation to camps in neighboring Bangladesh. These targeted sanctions against those responsible for these crimes will send a message that the United States will not tolerate persecution of these innocent men, women, and children.”
“Since late August, the Burmese military has engaged in a brutal campaign against the country’s Rohingya population, razing villages, raping women and killing innocent civilians,” said Senator Rubio. “Many have been forced to flee their homes, and we cannot stand by and allow these atrocities to go on unchallenged. This bill will help hold accountable those responsible for these horrific crimes.”
“The horrific situation in Burma requires American leadership and engagement to halt the ethnic cleansing, hold perpetrators accountable, and demand humanitarian access,” said Senator Young. “This bill represents an important step toward achieving those goals.”
U.S. Senators Jeff Merkley (D-OR), Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), Brian Schatz (D-HI), Tim Kaine (D-VA), Chris Van Hollen (D-MD), Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), Cory Booker (D-NJ), and Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) also cosponsored the legislation.
Representatives Eliot Engel (D-NY), Ranking Member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and Steve Chabot (R-OH), a senior member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, also introduced companion legislation in the House of Representatives.
Specifically, the Senate legislation would: