A five-year extension would limit Russia’s new super-weapons and lay foundation to eventually include China


Washington (August 6, 2020) –Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.), member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee led 16 of his colleagues on a Senate resolution calling on President Donald Trump to immediately extend for another five years the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with Russia as it faces expiration on February 5, 2021, six-months from yesterday.  The bilateral New START Treaty places mutual, verifiable limits on strategic nuclear warheads and deployed and non-deployed strategic delivery systems of both the United States and Russia supported by a verification regime of on-site inspections and routine data-exchanges.  The Senate resolution outlines how the Trump administration can achieve its stated objectives – covering new “exotic” Russian weapons while bringing China into the global arms control regime – starting with a clean five-year extension. Doing so would ensure that the United States and Russia, the two major nuclear-weapon powers, will not be left without an in-force bilateral treaty on strategic arms for the first time since 1972.


Joining Senator Markey as co-sponsors are Senators Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.), Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.), Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.), Ben Cardin (D-Md.), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), Tammy Baldwin (D-Wisc.), Chris Coons (D-Del.), Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii), Chris Murphy (D-Conn.), Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.), Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), and Tina Smith (D-Minn.).


“As the first and only country to ever use nuclear weapons in conflict – 75 years ago today – the United States has a special responsibility to ensure they are never used again. That starts by breathing five-years of new life into the New START Treaty,” said Senator Markey. “New START keeps our eyes on the location, movement, and destruction of Russia’s strategic nuclear weapons. While President Trump has eagerly ransacked a series of bedrock nonproliferation agreements, he should spare New START a similar fate. Through a simple extension, he can credibly claim to have limited two new Russian strategic nuclear systems, the only systems that experts believe Moscow can deploy during the extension.”


A copy of the resolution can be found HERE.


Experts state that the extension of the START Treaty will cover the only two new Russian strategic systems that are anticipated to be deployed before 2026 – the Avangard hypersonic cruise-missile and a heavy intercontinental ballistic-missile (ICBM), Sarmat. China’s leaders have repeatedly rebuffed Trump administration invitations to formal arms control negotiations. The resolution points out the practical and logistical difficulties of insisting on China’s inclusion in a binding trilateral agreement: China possesses a fraction of the nuclear weapons held by the United States or Russia and history shows that arms control negotiations take multiple years, far longer than the six months until expiration of the New START Treaty. However, the resolution argue that extension of New START can lay the foundation for China, and potentially other nuclear-weapons possessing countries, to engage in multilateral arms control talks to reduce global nuclear risks.


“Extending New START is undoubtedly in the U.S. national security interest,” said Andrew Albertson, Executive Director, Foreign Policy for America. “Not only does extending the treaty limit Russian deployed nuclear weapons, but it provides the U.S. government unparalleled intelligence about Russia's nuclear weapons systems. Senator Markey's resolution makes clear that new Russian systems would either be accountable under the treaty or would not be deployed before 2026. And while the Trump administration's attempts to bring China into nuclear arms control negotiations is a laudable goal, the best way to accomplish that goal would be to extend New START and use the treaty as a framework for negotiations going forward. Foreign Policy for America thanks Senator Markey for making clear that New START should serve as a foundation for nuclear arms control negotiations going forward and urges the swift passage of this important measure.” 


"Seventy-five years after the first nuclear attacks, the threat of nuclear war and nuclear arms racing still poses a threat to the United States and the world,” said Daryl G. Kimball, executive director, Arms Control Association. “We applaud the call in this resolution for the prompt extension of New START, the last remaining treaty that verifiably limits the world’s two largest nuclear arsenals, and follow-on efforts to pursue further nuclear risk reduction initiatives with other nuclear-armed states. The U.S. public, the U.S. military, and U.S. allies all support New START, which is key to preventing an unconstrained global nuclear arms race.”


“Senator Markey and the co-sponsors of this bill understand that we are six months away from losing all controls over the two largest nuclear arsenals in the world,” Alexandra Bell, Senior Policy Director, Council for a Livable World. “They make the clear and undeniable case that New START is effective and providing critical stability in an unstable world. Nevertheless, the Trump Administration is still inexplicably dragging its feet on the treaty's extension, putting the American people in danger. Every Senator should add their name to this resolution and take a stand for pragmatic and sensible nuclear arms control.”


“Extending New START for five years is a simple but highly effective way to improve U.S. security while restoring some sense of stability to the international arms control regime that the Trump administration has relentlessly attacked,” said Stephen Young, Senior Washington Representative, Global Security Program, Union of Concerned Scientists. “This bill, led by Senator Markey, makes a strong case for extending the treaty and recommends sensible steps with Russia and China that would reduce the nuclear threat. Every senator should cosponsor it; every thoughtful one will do so.”